Know Your Sweepers: 3 Types of Power Sweeping Equipment | 1-800-SWEEPER

Three Basic Types of Power Sweeping Equipment

Three Basic Types of Power/Street Sweeping Equipment

Street Cleaning Trucks

Street cleaning trucks are not created equal. Some types of trucks are better suited for residential streets while others are better suited for commercial, highway or warehouse sweeping.

It’s important that your power sweeping vendor has the right equipment to meet the requirements of your job. Below you will find descriptions of the different types of street cleaning trucks, how they work, and examples of the jobs each one is best suited for.

Mechanical Sweeper Truck

The oldest type of sweeping equipment, also know as a broom sweeper, these power sweeper trucks collect dirt and debris via a rotating cylinder shaped broom which moves particles onto a conveyor mechanism and into a hopper  Mechanical power sweepers efficient in sweeping heavier materials, including gravel and coarse sand, which makes them optimal for construction sites and pavement milling applications or parking lot areas with heavy debris present.  The abrasive action of a mechanical broom sweeper truck is less effective on uneven or damaged surfaces, such as washboarded or rutted pavement and/or those areas with potholes or cracks.

Used For: Construction Clean-up, Construction Track-out Sweeping, Pavement Milling Sweeping, Street & Highway Sweeping, Chip Seal Sweeping

Vacuum Sweeper Truck

The next generation of sweeper trucks introduced suction power, created by a large fan or impeller.  This sweeping method draws dirt and debris into a vacuum nozzle where it is then sucked into the hopper and then exhausting the air into the environment, similar to a household vacuum sweeper.  Vacuum sweepers are more efficient at cleaning up finer particulate versus mechanical power sweepers, and are more effective on uneven surfaces and more versatile, such as in a parking lot application, when they have a sucker tube for manually cleaning areas that are not accessible or within the turning radius of the machine.  

Used For: Road Construction Sweeping, Construction Track-out Sweeping, Catch Basin Cleaning, Municipal Street Sweeping, Paving Contractor Sweeping

Regenerative Air Sweeper Truck

The third generation of sweeper trucks use a blower wheel, powered by an engine or hydraulics to create a blast of air onto the pavement surface. The regenerative air sweeping system pushes a curtain of air across the entire sweeper pick-up head, suspending surface debris with a blast of air which circulates through the head depositing the material into the hopper with the air then continuing through a dust separator and back to the head, without exhausting air into the environment.  This technology of sweeping can dislodge debris in cracks and crevices common on paved surfaces.

Similar to a vacuum street sweeper truck in that air is the vehicle for removal, but without the exhaust, as the dust separator cleans the air which is then returned to the pick-up head via a closed loop cycle.  The regenerative air power sweeping system is best at cleaning up finer debris particles on good quality paved surfaces compared to either mechanical or vacuum sweepers. This would make them the best choice for routine residential, business, commercial or industrial street sweeping with good pavement quality and where fugitive dust must be minimized and/or where mandated environmental regulations must be complied with.  

Used For: Commercial & Industrial Fugitive Dust Control Sweeping, Municipal Street Sweeping, Parking Lot Sweeping, Warehouse Sweeping

To Learn More About Sweeping, or to Request A Quote

Schedule Service Today!

Own A Sweeping Company?
Become a Partner!

Find out more about becoming a
1-800-SWEEPER partner!

Learn More

Find Local Power Sweeping Services Near You!

Nationwide Coverage
24/7 Response & Emergency Services

Follow Us On Social Media!

Stay up-to-date on the sweeper news,
helpful tips, and more!